Legal Framework of Protection

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The huge significance of the ecosystems in RMNP had as result the subsumption of larger or smaller areas, of the park, into various lists of protected sites setting them under the protection of international, national laws, regulations and directives.

In particular, 7 areas of RMNP have been integrated into the Natura 2000 network according to the Habitats Directive 92/43/EEC and 2009/147/EC (2 SPAs and 5 SACs), 2 areas have been declared as Preserved Natural Monuments, 7 areas as Wildlife Reserves, according to the Greek law, and 3 regions have been characterized by the European Council as Biogenetic Stocks. Outside RMNP but in the jurisdiction of the Management Body, there are also 3 SACs, 2 SPAs και 3 Wildlife Reserves (whole or in part, and only in the Prefecture of Drama).

 

Natura 2000 network

The institutionalized zones of protection which are included into the RMNP are the following:

 

Special Protected Areas (SPA)

Inside RMNP

  • GR1140008 «KENTRIKI RODOPI KAI KOILADA NESTOU» (106.422,82 ha)
  • GR1140009 «OROS FALAKRO» (24650,6 ha)

 Outside RMNP

  • GR1150011  part of the «KOILADA TIMIOU PRODROMOU-MENOIKION» NATURA site (9043,65 ha)
  • GR1260009  part of the «KORYFES OROUS MENOIKION - OROS KOUSKOURAS – YPSOMA» NATURA site (10598,17 ha)

 

Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

Inside RMNP

  • GR1120003 «OROS CHAINTOU - KOULA KAI GYRO KORYFES» (3378,32 ha)
  • GR1140001 «DASOS FRAKTOU» (7325,2 ha)
  • GR1140002 «RODOPI (SIMYDA)» (6939,92 ha)
  • GR1140003 «PERIOCHI ELATIA, PYRAMIS KOUTRA» (7221,36ha)
  • GR1140004 «KORYFES OROUS FALAKRO» (9964,32 ha)

 Outside RMNP

  • GR1150005 part of the «KORYFES OROUS PANGAIO» NATURA site (9043,65 ha)
  • GR1260004 part of the «KORYFES OROUS MENOIKION - OROS KOUSKOURAS – YPSOMA» NATURA site (10598,17 ha)
  • GR1260005 part of the «KORYFES OROUS ORVILOS» NATURA site (2477,55 ha) NATURA site (2477,55 ha)

 

Preserved Natural Monuments

  • The old growth Forest of Frakto (550 ha)
  • Region of Tsichla (18 ha)

 

Wildlife refuges

Inside RMNP

  • River Nestos
 
  • Aetorachi
  • Frakto (Paranesti virgin forest)
  • Karyofyto forest (Tsanak Dere)
  • Drymos forest complex
  • Gerakas – Oreo
  • Neurokopi - Livadaki - Achladia – Volaka – Graniti (a part of)

 Outside RMNP

  • Xiropotamou-Petrousa (part)
  • Paggaiou Mountain (part)
  • Charitomeni- Kali Vrisi

 

European Network of Biogenetic Reserves

 

According to the Joint Ministerial Decision 40379/01-10-2009 and to the Greek law 1650/1986 the RMNP is divided,

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depending to the ecological significance of each area, to strict nature reserves, nature reserves and zones of special management.

The aforesaid zones are appeared in the following table:

 

ZONE OF PROTECTION
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TYPE

NAME

MAPS

A1

Strict nature reserve

Old Growth Forest of Frakto

A2

Strict nature reserve

Natural monument of Tsichla

A3

Strict nature reserve

Gyftokastro - Koula

B1

Nature reserve

The area surrounding zone Α1

B2

Nature reserve

The area surrounding zone Α2

B3

Nature reserve

Aetorachi - Stravorema

B4

Nature reserve

Sphagnum acid bogs at the area Kalyvia Koutra, Forest village of Elatia.

B5

Nature reserve

Sphagnum acid bogs, Forest village of Elatia.

B6

Nature reserve

Alnus incana forest, Ereipia Vathyrematos

B7

Nature reserve

River bed and the river banks of Stravorema, subalpine and alpine meadows of Elatia

Γ1

Special management area – Birch Forest

Simida Potamoi – Sidironero – Nestos River

Γ2

Special management area – Spruce trees and Scots Pine Forests

Spruce tree and Scots Pine tree forests of high productivity at Elatia

Γ3

Special management area of Falakro Mountain

Forest area of Falakro Mountain

Γ4

Special management area of Nestos River

River bed and 500m from each side of the river bank of Nestos included the dam of Temenos, until the Greek – Bulgarian borders.

Γ5

Special management area of Arkoudorema - Chaidou

The area of Arkoudorema - Chaidou

Γ6-Α

Special management area of connecting areas of RMRNP

Connection areas

Γ6-Β

Region of Sustainable management, use and development

Areas not included in the aforesaid areas